Richmond Street Life

Citation

Richmond Street Life: The lives of Emancipists, Paupers and Settlers, Richmond Tasmania 1870-1900. Peter MacFie 1998. https://petermacfiehistorian.net.au/publications/richmond-street-life/

Outline

The life of Richmond, Tasmania, taken from the Richmond Police Records  between 1870 and 1900 and focussing on the tramps and trackers – mostly the ex-convicts and the homeless and the harsh treatment they received at the hands of the magistrates compared to other residents.

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Richmond Street Life

Excerpt

Introduction

Richmond police charge books reveal an insight into the social life of Richmond in the late Victorian era. Attitudes to former convicts, many of them destitute, of employers to employees (under the restrictive Masters to Servants Act), of so-called mates, toward woman and to children are all revealed.

The period was typified by contrasts in poverty and wealth.

Homeless men and women – and children – called either tramps or, by my old friend Alf King who first got me into this historical game, as ‘trackers’. The centre of their life was the streets, byways and, if they could afford it, one of the three hotels – the Bridge Inn, Lennox Arms and Prince of Wales Hotel. Alcoholism was the main immediate cause of law breaking; but the poverty behind their lives is harder to grasp.

A forgotten characteristic of the era is the use of aliases or pseudonyms – nick names – part of a great Australian tradition.

The prudery of the Victorian era also comes across, as children are sentenced for stealing fruit, and for letting off fire crackers.

Another noticeable trait is the unequal treatment between emancipists and free born. Even when charged with trivial offences, former prisoners were treated harshly by Richmond magistrates

The lives of two street people, both emancipists, Kitty Dixon and Tommy Shaw, remembered by Alf King (b 1896), illustrate the period.[1] A third local identity, Mary Crawley, also transported, remembered by other Richmond locals, managed to keep above the  law by acquiring a small cottage and living to 102 years old, dying in 1916. But like Kitty Dixon, Mary was Irish born, smoked a clay pipe and she had also begun life by living ‘on the town.’

Kitty Dixon

Kitty’s name was part of the folklore of the Richmond district, recorded by Libby Jones. She was recalled as smoking a clay pipe, living for a while in the Long House, a vanished cottage near the Duck Holes Rivulet. Alf King remembered her as a friend of his grandmother’s. When I interviewed him in 1977, he recalled a visitor to his grandmother Bridget Sullivan Jupp’s house at the top of Grass Tree Hill. While Bridget was from Co Killarney, the visitor, Kitty Dixon, was another Irish-born emancipist, this time from Co Sligo. Alf King:

My Grandmother Levi Jupp lived up there in the old place on top of the hill. (i.e. the  former Shelstone Hotel) I used to go up there with Mother. We used to walk from down here where we lived on the Swallowfields, go up with Mother when I was five years old, go up to Grandmother; Grandfather (Jupp) was dead then.

There was an old girl who lived with her – Kitty Dixon. She came out from Ireland, Kitty did. Came out as a girl; lived with her all her life. I remember she used to smoke a clay pipe. Most of them used to smoke a clay pipe, woman that is. My mother never smoked, Mrs Fenner never smoked, or the women round home, but poor old Kitty and my Grandmother up there, (i.e. the top of Grass Tree Hill), they smoked. But I never remember any of the other women smokin’; only the tracker women – they used to smoke a clay pipe. All clay pipes – you never seen no other pipes. There were hundreds of women that did tracking along the road.[2]

A surviving volume of the Richmond police charge book brought her to life, but only after sorting through her six aliases. From 1870 to 1890, Kitty appears charged with periodical drunk and disorderly offences, usually in Bridge Street, Richmond. She is described as a house servant, although the only place of employment ever referred to at Richmond is the property Inverquarity in 1890. She was married to David Cockbell (transported per Navarino), and was occasionally charged with him and others for similar offences.  All were described as having ‘no fixed abode.’

Kitty the Convict House-maid from Sligo

Kitty was transported as Catherine Thompson in January 1847, aged 24. At 4 ft 10 1/2 inches, she had brown hair, a round head and face, with a freckled face, ‘much pock pitted’, with brown eyes and small nose and chin.

She was tried in Durham, but was from Co Sligo, Ireland.  Her real name was Catherine Casey, but was also known as Donaldson. She was transported (Elizabeth & Henry) for “stealing a silk handkerchief”, and had previously had a 4 month conviction for stealing a snuff box.

She left behind a family of father Thomas, mother Nancy, and sisters Elizabeth & Margaret. Kitty had few offences recorded on her convict conduct record. She had been in the Richmond district in 1849, then worked for William Archer and Thomas Ashton in the Sandy Bay area. After having her ticket of leave revoked in 1852, she was at Kingston when granted freedom in 1857, and reappeared in the Richmond district by 1870.

However, she seems to have been known in Launceston in the interim.

Police Office Tuesday June 15 – Sarah Hargraves, Ellen Moriarty, George Palmer, Ann Singleton, James Lynch and Catherine Dickson, drunk and incapable, were fined 10s each. Isabella Peters, an old offender, was fined 20s for the same offence.[3]

In February 1874 Kitty was charged with Mary Barber (Navarino, 7 years ), and Jane Elliott (per Reliance ex New Zealand) with being drunk and incapable in Edward Street, Richmond.

Kitty Dixon’s Richmond Offences.

8/2/1874

1 pm. Mary Jeffrie Barber (Navarino, 7), 3 pm Catherine Dickson (Elizabeth & Henry, 7) Jane Elliott, (Reliance from NZ) – all drunk & incapable in Edward Street.

15/4 74 Catherine Dixon, (Elizabeth & Henry), 7) house servant., Drunk & Incapable, Bridge St.

15/4 74

Catherine Dixon (Elizabeth & Henry), 7) house servant., Drunk & Incapable, Bridge St.

29/4/1876

Catherine Dickson  (Elizabeth & Henry),)  aged 49. House servant of no fixed abode -incapable & disorderly, no visible means.-7 days Hard Labour Hobart House of Correction.

24/4/1881

Catherine Cogbill/Coghill alias Kitty Dickson , transported as Thompson, age 50 (Elizabeth & Henry 1) 7 years ;

plus William Medlar, age 76, shoemaker per David Malcolm, and John Hutchinson, labourer  per Navarino. Suspicion of felony-dish.

6/8/1890

Catherine Dickson house servant Inverquarity. Drunk & Disorderly Bridge Street. Paid 5/-

Tommy (the Roundhead) Shaw

Tommy Shaw (per Barossa) appears as a regular offender in the Richmond police charge book in the 1870s, with repeated appearances before the magistrate for drunk and disorderly.

A 100 years later, in 1977, he was remembered as ‘Tommy the Roundhead’ in folk-lore by Alf King. This pseudonym however, was not just folk tradition, but was recorded against Shaw’s name when he was charged in May 1876 for resisting arrest. He was sentenced to three months hard labour. His place of residence is given as Dulcot. According to Alf King, he lived in a house at the corner of the lane where I live at Dulcot (the corner of the Esplanade and George Street).

Among co-offenders for drunkenness at Richmond were other Dulcot residents, including Edward Sloane (with whom he was charged with fighting in the Bridge Inn), Thomas Phillips (alias McIvor per China) and Patrick Keady (per Blenheim ). Sloane, transported (per Pensongee Bomongee) also lived at Dulcot.

From Shaw’s conduct record, ‘Tommy the Roundhead’ was very appropriate, as his conduct record describes him as having a ‘high and broad’ forehead, with long head, large nose, mouth and chin, with black eyes and hair, a ruddy complexion and reddish whiskers.

Tried aged 27 in 1840 at Gloucester for housebreaking, Shaw arrived on the Barossa 1 in 1842. From Sandhurst, his trade was bricklayer, but on the voyage out he was chief barber and recommended by the surgeon.

After probation at the Rocky Hills, then Saltwater River convict stations, he was moved to Hobart, then sent to Campbell Town after several charges for drunkenness. By 1860 he appeared in the Richmond district.

26/12/1871

2.30 pm Thomas Shaw and Edward Sloane fighting in the Bridge Hotel

14/5/1872

Patrick Keady , 44, (Blenheim 4, 7 years ) labourer, Richmond Drunk & disorderly, Bridge Inn.

no. 2.  24/ 9 /1873

Disturbing the peace, Bridge Inn (with Thomas Shaw, labourer, of Dulcot, ditto) 14 days Hard Labour Hobart Town

3/1/1873

Thomas Shaw, per Barossa 1, 15 years, labourer, Dulcot. Disturbing the peace.

Thomas Phillips (alias McIvor, China 14) stole from dwelling house of Ben Jacobs, Richmond, 1 dress, 1 coat, 1 comforter – 12 months Hard Labour.

Thomas Shaw, (Barossa 2, 15), damaged glass, prop of James Cavey, Lennox Arms.

5/5/1876

Thomas,  as ‘Tommy Roundhead’ per Barossa, aged 55 Cambridge, labourer,  d & d in Bridge St, resisting arrest 24 hrs or 3 months Hard Labour – allowed 10 days.

Mary Crawley

Another elderly resident recalled by people I interviewed in 1996 was Mary Crawley.

On her 99th birthday in 1914, Maria Crawley was interviewed at Richmond and claimed to have been ‘born at Chatham Barracks, 106 days before Waterloo.’  She was quoted as saying she left;

… Waterford, Ireland, where she was born, in the ship Maria Hanson (sic) (Capt Plunkett), she set foot in Hobart Town as it was then called…[4]

Partly right; she sailed on the convict transport Maria (2), one of 165 female prisoners who arrived in VDL on 23 August 1849. The Captain was FW Plank (not Plunkett) – nearly right again.

Mary explained how she ‘entered the services of a builder by the name of Biggs on the site now occupied by Highfield Hotel.’ (This assignment is not recorded.)

Two years later, in 1851, she took up her abode at Richmond and immediately got employment at a Mr Ashmore’s.

This was true, as Mary’s convict conduct record details she was assigned to Mr Ashmore, Richmond. An employer list details that;

Maria (sic) Callaghan per Maria was on wages of £9 pa for a period of 12 months assigned to William Ashmore of Richmond.

She started her employment on 17 March 1853 however, not 1851.[5]

However, her reason for moving to Richmond were more contentious. In 1852 she had been charged in Hobart Town  with ‘fighting’ and being a ‘common prostitute,’ with a note on her record that she was not to be employed in Hobart Town .[6]

By 1914 she was Richmond’s ‘oldest identity… She is wonderful hale and hearty and very fluent in speech.’ She explains she ‘married twice, her second husband, the late Mr Crawley, (who) has been dead many years.’ [7]

The newspaper extolled how Mary Crawley was ‘hale and hearty’ and her ‘well-known personality had graced the town of Richmond for 63 years, being its oldest identity.’

As she stated, Mary was married twice. On 30 January 1854 at Richmond, Mary Calligan (sic) aged 30, wed her first husband Thomas Hill (transported per Marquis of Hastings) aged 40. They appear to have had no children.

When Thomas Hill died in 1876 aged 62, they were living at Enfield – north of Richmond. Two years later, Mary married William Crawley, aged 61 (transported per Equestrian) at Richmond on 20 May 1878. (William had also been married before, to Margaret Ryan (per Arabian) in September 1851.[8])

Despite having been transported aged 17, William  Crawley was far from tolerant of the  under-class in his new home.

On 20/12/1881 Ellen Cooley, native, ages 22, no occupation, stealing , handkerchief, part of a comb, 1 reel of cotton, and other articles, property of William Crawley. 6 months Hard Labour Hobart.

Mary and William’s marriage was probably turbulent; in 1884 a court record lists Mary being charged by William with stealing some of his property.

13/3/1884 Mary Crawley per Maria FS, wife of William Crawley. Charged by husband with stealing 35 pounds in coins and banknotes on person, 8/9d, knife, tobacco pipe, and 3 keys. Discharged.[9]

1996. Mary Crawley Remembered

In 1996 I interviewed local identities, Douglas (known as Tum) and his sister Mary Joseph at their home in Bridge Street, Richmond.

I asked them about elderly folk they remembered in Richmond when they were young. They recalled a frail Mary Crawley being cared for by local families.

PM                Do you remember a Mrs Crawly?

MJ                 Yes, her mother used to go down, when she lived down, Laurel Cottage. That little cottage near the school, and Mum and her sister and other girls, the Lincoln girls, used to go, and she used to smoke a clay pipe, and Mum and her cousins, the Lincoln girls, and Mum’s sister, they used to go down and peep through the window. At her smoking a pipe.

DJ                  It was just a slab house, near that Laurel Cottage there, and down in the hollow there, before you get up to the big brick one, a little old slab house there, and Ginger Wright, he used to go there, before he went to the war, he used to go and cut her wood for her. Go and cut her wood. And people used to take her pension there. Get it from the post office and take it to her. So she would undo her door, snatch it around, and shut the door. [laughter].

PM                She was a real old hermit, was she?

DJ                  She was a real old Irish woman, she was.

MJ                 She used to smoke a clay pipe.

DJ                  And she used to wear big men’s hob-nailed boots, she used to be walking about in. But they used to cart her wood you know. Cart her wood and put it on her woodheap, and somebody would come along and cut her wood for her. She never asked, or anything.

MJ                 Or course, those Wright boys were kind to her. They used to cut the wood for her.

PM                Looked after her?

MJ                 Yes.

PM                Her husband wasn’t alive at that stage?

MJ                 No.

DJ                  No, she lived there alone, I think.

MJ                 Yes, after she left there. When she got very ill, and she went to live in where the two cottages are, what they made into two units. Down near those two trees on the corner. And a Mrs Langridge took her in, and they cared for her until she died. Mrs Langridge’s daughter only died last week. Yes.

PM                What was her name, by the way? Mrs Crawley?

MJ                 I don’t know what her Christian name was.

PM                I have seen reference to a Mary Crawley.

MJ                 That would probably be her, I reckon. It was only the one name that I’ve heard Mum speak of.[10]

Mary died in 1916; a photo in the  Tasmanian Mail newspaper shows her sitting outside her small cottage in Richmond.[11]

End of excerpt

To read more, download the pdf as above

Footnotes from Excerpt

[1] Richmond- POL 582, AOT.

[2] Peter MacFie interview, Alf King, Tape 4, 13/4/1977.

[3] Launceston Examiner 15 June 1858

[4]Mercury 5/3/1914 p4 c8

[5]CON 30/1/44. AOT

[6]CON 41/22.

[7]Mercury 5/3/1914 p4 c8

[8]Pioneer Index.

[9]POL 582

[10]  1996. PMA. Peter MacFie Interview, D & M Joseph , Richmond.

[11] Tasmanian Mail, 15/6/1916, p19.

Index from document

 

Anderson, Arthur………………….. 13, 18

Anderson, George……………………….. 19

Archer, William…………………………….. 3

Ashton, Thomas……………………………. 3

Bailey, Alf M………………………….. 10, 21

Bailey, Gerald………………………… 10, 21

Barber, Marie Jeffrie………………………. 4

Barber, Mary…………………………………. 4

Barber, Mary Jeffrie……………………… 11

Barnes, Grace………………………………. 11

Bates, John………………………………….. 22

Beecroft, Henry…………………………… 19

Beecroft, Mary Ann (Mrs Henry)….. 19

Bellerive……………………………………… 18

Betts, John……………………………….. 9, 20

Betts, Whistling Jack…… See Betts, John

Bevan, Chas………………………………… 19

Billy the Ringer’… See Harrison, William

Birchall, George…………………………… 19

Bone, Benjamin……………………………. 21

Bone, William………………………… 18, 25

Bothwell……………………………………… 20

Brain, William……………………………… 18

Brown, John………………………………… 23

Bryant, Ellen……………………………….. 20

Bryant, William…………………………… 20

Bumstead, William………………………. 20

Burridge, John…………………………….. 20

Burridge, Richard………………………… 20

Butcher, Harriet………………………….. 24

Butcher, Jane………………………………. 24

Butcher, Martha………………………….. 24

Cambridge………………… 6, 9, 17, 18, 20

Cameron, Hugh………………………….. 14

Campbell Town…………………………….. 5

Campion, Ellen………. See Toolan, Ellen

Cane, Roger………………………………… 20

Carroll, Mary………………………………. 14

Casey, Catherine……… See Dixon, Kitty

Casey, Elizabeth……………………………. 3

Casey, Margaret……………………………. 3

Casey, Nancy (Mrs Thomas)………….. 3

Casey, Thomas……………………………… 3

Cavey, James…………………………… 6, 16

Clark, Matthew…………………………… 15

Cleburne, Hannah………………………. 21

Clements, Thomas……………………….. 17

Co Sligo………………………………………… 2

Coal River…………………………………… 10

Coal River…………………………………… 21

Cockbell, David……………………….. 3, 14

Cockbell, Kitty (Mrs David) See Dixon, Kitty

Cockney Bill……. See Bumstead, William

Cogbill, Catherine See Dixon, Kitty, See Cockbell, Kitty (Mrs David)

Coghill, Catherine See Dixon, Kitty, See Cockbell, Kitty (Mrs David)

convict stations

Rocky Hills…………………………… 5

Saltwater River…………………….. 5

Cook, Thomas……………………………… 18

Cooley, ? (PC)……………………………… 22

Cooley, Arthur…………………. 18, 19, 25

Cooley, Cornelius…………………… 16, 20

Cooley, Ellen……………………………….. 13

Cooley, Helen

daughter of Cooley, John…….. 13

Cooley, Jeremiah…………………………. 16

Cooley, John…………………….. 13, 16, 25

Cornish, ? (Mrs ?)………………………… 22

Corsley, David……. See Cockbell, David

County Killarney…………………………… 2

Crawley, Mary (Mrs William)………. 13

Crawley, William………………………… 13

Cullen, Chas………………………….. 10, 21

Cullen, Darky………….. See Cullen, Chas

Curran, William………………………….. 21

Currie, William……………………………. 20

Dandy Jim…………….. See Woods, James

Daniels, Elizabetha………………………. 19

Daniels, Samuel……………………… 16, 25

Darky Cullen…………… See Cullen, Chas

Dean, Thomas…………………………….. 25

Devitt, ? (child)……………………………. 19

Devitt, Michael……………………………. 20

Devitt, Michael J………………………….. 19

Dickers, David…………………………….. 17

Dickson, Catherine 4, 11, 12, 14, See Dixon, Kitty

Dickson, Kitty……………………………….. 5

Dickson, Samuel………………………….. 22

Dixon, Catherine…………………………… 4

Dixon, Kitty…………………………. 2, 4, 12

Donaldson, Catherine. See Dixon, Kitty

Drew, Richard…………………………….. 19

Duck Holes Rivulet……………………….. 2

Duggan, Elizabetha……………………… 19

Dulcot………. 5, 6, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 23

Eadem, John……………………………….. 12

Edwards, John……………………….. 10, 21

Elliott, Jane………………………………. 4, 11

Elton, Elijah…………………………… 10, 21

Evandale…………………………………….. 24

Evans, Arthur……………………………… 19

Fenner, ? (Mrs ?)……………………………. 3

Fenner, David……………………………… 23

Fenner, George……………………………. 19

Finger Post………………………………….. 21

Flash Jack………………… See Elton, Elijah

Franklin………………………………………. 20

Freeland, Andrew……………………….. 17

Gaby, Fred………………………………….. 23

Gearien, Patrick…………………………… 22

Gibbons, Alex……………………………… 10

Gibbons, Alexander……………………… 24

Gibbons, Margo (Mrs Alex)………….. 10

Gilcrist, William…………………………… 18

Goodwin, Richard……………………….. 22

Grant, Thomas…………………………….. 18

Grass Tree Hill…………………………. 3, 22

Hale, Ann…………………………………… 19

Hanslow, James…………………………… 18

Harrison, Billy….. See Harrison, William

Harrison, William…………………… 10, 24

Hewitt, George……………………………. 21

horse “Sir Walter Scott.”………………. 21

House, Walter……………………………… 20

Hughes, Benjamin……………………….. 20

Hughes, William………………………….. 22

Hutchinson, John…………………….. 4, 13

inns

Bridge Inn 2, 5, 11, 12, 14, 19, 24, 25

Bridge Inn…………………………….. 6

Lennox Arms…………. 2, 6, 13, 16

Prince of Wales………….. 2, 17, 25

Shelstone Hotel………………………. 2

Jackson, Hannah (Mrs Thomas)……. 11

Jackson, Thomas………………………….. 11

Jacobs, Ben……………………………………. 6

Jacobs, Benjamin…………………………. 15

Jeffrie Barber, Mary See Barber, Marie Jeffrie

Jerusalem……………………………………. 11

Jim the Soldier……….. See Martin, James

Johnstone, Catherine……………………. 13

Johnstone, Thomas………………………. 24

Johnstone, William………………………. 21

Jones, Libby…………………………………… 2

Jones, William………………………… 12, 22

Jupp, Edward Levi………………………. 22

Kangaroo Point…………………………… 17

Keady, Patrick…….. 6, 14, See Blenheim

Kelly, Edward……………………………… 15

Kelly, Joseph……………………………….. 15

Kendrick, Mr J…………………………….. 25

Kendrick, Mr.J…………………………….. 15

Kenny, John………………………………… 20

King, ? (Mrs ?)………………………………. 2

King, Alf…………………………………… 2, 5

Kingston……………………………………….. 3

Kneebone, Grace……. See Barnes, Grace

Kneebone, Thomas………………………. 11

Knight, Thomas……………………… 15, 25

Knight, William 15, See Knight, Thomas (father), See Knight, Thomas (father)

son of Knight, Thomas………… 15

Lagger Smith……………. See Smith, John

lala couta…………………. See Cullen, Chas

Lane, William……………………………… 18

Layman, William…………………………. 21

Lewis, Richard…………………………….. 11

Lewis, Robert………………………………. 24

Lloyd, Henry………………………………. 22

Lord, David……….. See Cockbell, David

Lord, John……………………………… 12, 23

Lowe, Rob…………………………………… 17

Lydenham, Sarah………………………… 15

Lynch, James………………………………. 17

Lynch, Thomas……………………………. 21

Mahoney, Fanny…………………………. 11

Mahoney, James

son of Mahoney, Mary…… 11, 12

Mahoney, Mary……………………… 11, 23

Manning, Thomas……………………….. 17

Martin, James………………………… 10, 21

Mason, Henry……………………………… 23

McBride, Dominic……………………….. 16

McGowan, John………………………….. 17

McIvor, Thomas See Phillips, Thomas, See Phillips, Thomas, See Phillips, Thomas

McKay, William…….. See Ross, William

McNamara, Peter………………………… 18

McNulty, John…………………………….. 18

McPhillips, ? (thrashing machine)…. 14

McRorie, Chas…………………………….. 23

Medlar, Ellen (Mrs William)…………. 10

Medlar, William….. 4, 10, 13, 18, 21, 22

men of colour…………………………. 10, 21

Miller, Sally…………….. See Miller, Sarah

Miller, Sarah……………………………. 9, 12

Moebus, Martin……………………… 18, 26

Moebus, William…………………….. 16, 25

Montgomery, William………………….. 21

Mooney, John……………………………… 10

Mooney, Mary (Mrs John)……………. 10

Mt Stewart………………………………….. 17

Mullins, George…………………………… 16

Murray, James……….. See Martin, James

native born 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25

Navarino……………………………………… 4

Neil, George…………………………… 10, 24

Neil, Maurice………………………………. 23

Nelmes

Elijah………………. See Elton, Elijah

Newman, Alice…………………………… 11

Nichols, Arthur John…………………… 21

Noble, Henry………………………………. 24

occuaptions

shoemaker………………………….. 18

occupations

barber…………………………………….. 5

baker………………………………….. 15

basket maker………………………. 13

blacksmith…………………….. 22, 23

bootmaker………………………….. 19

bricklayer……………………………… 5

bricklayers………………………….. 17

carpenter……………………………. 14

charcoal burner……………… 22, 23

cook……………………………… 10, 23

domestic…………………………….. 12

farm labourer……………………… 14

farmer…………………………… 17, 22

gardener…………….. 17, 18, 22, 24

grass broom maker……………… 12

groom………………………………… 21

hawker…………………………. 14, 24

house servant… 3, 4, 9, 11, 12, 23

house servant……………………… 24

labourer 4, 6, 9, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25

laundress……………………………. 13

licensed victualler……………….. 24

none…………………………………… 13

ostler…………………………….. 24, 25

quarryman…………………………. 17

sawyer,………………………………. 23

schoolmaster…………………. 18, 26

shepherd……………………….. 14, 24

shoemaker 4, 10, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 25, 26

splitter……………………………….. 24,

stonemason…………………… 15, 16

thrashing machine assistant…. 14

tinker…………………………………. 18

tinsmith………………………… 18, 21

watchmaker……………………….. 20

Ogilvy, Captain ?………………………… 14

Ogilvy, Mary Carmelia Letitia………. 19

Old Peter…………………………………….. 16

Oliver, John………………………………… 25

O’Neal, Chumsey…. See O’Neal, James

O’Neal, James………………………… 10, 24

O’Neil, James………………………………. 21

Pace, Joseph………………………………… 17

Phillips, Thomas…………………… 5, 6, 15

Price, Fred…………………………………… 14

properties

Inverquarity…………………………. 14

Campania……………………… 16, 25

Carrington………………………….. 16

Churchill……………………………. 22

Glen Ayr…………………………….. 22

Inverquarity……………………… 3, 5

Inverquarity……………………….. 14

Laburnum Park…………………… 11

Laburnum Park,………………….. 18

Logie………………………………….. 19

Long House………………………….. 2

Lowlands……………………………. 24

Marengo…………………………….. 17

Morville………………………………. 24

Ratho…………………………………. 20

Richmond Park 10, 12, 22, 23, 24

Rose Hill…………………………….. 12

Stockdale……………………………. 24

Summerhill…………………………. 19

Swallowfields…………………………. 3

Pugh, Thomas……………………………… 24

Rawson, Robert……………………… 18, 26

Raynor, Ann……………………………….. 12

Raynor, Henry…………………………….. 15

Read, William……………………………… 23

Reardon, Michael………………………… 23

Redding, ? (PC)…………………………… 20

Reid, Alex…………………………………… 20

Reid, Thomas………………………………. 17

Richmond, David….. See Fenner, David

Rickman, James…………………………… 17

Riley, ? (baby)……………………………… 12

Riley, Agnes………………………………… 12

Rose, John…………………………………… 22

Ross, William………………………………. 16

Roundhead, Tommy See Shaw, Thomas

Ryly, Thomas………………………………. 15

Sally the Whip See Miller, Sarah, See Miller, Sarah

Sandy Bay…………………………………….. 3

Seargeant, John…………………………… 18

Searle, ? (Mrs ?)…………………………… 18

Searles, ? (Mrs ?)………………………….. 11

Sepon Flasher…………… See Elton, Elijah

Shaw, Thomas… 5, 6, 12, 14, 15, 16, 20

Shaw, Tommy…………………………… 2, 5

Shillinghaw, Grace… See Barnes, Grace

Shipley, George……………………………. 15

Shipley, John……………………………. 9, 12

ships

Aboukir……………………………… 18

Alibi…………………………………… 19

Anson………………………………… 24

Asia……………………………………. 24

Asia 5…………………………………. 10

Atwick……………………………….. 20

Augusta Jessie…………………….. 23

Aurora……………………………….. 15

Barossa…………………………… 9, 22

Barossa 1…………………….. 5, 6, 15

Barossa 2……………………………. 16

Barretta………………………………. 23

Beulah……………………… 13, 14, 23

Blackfriar……………………………. 19

Blackfriars…………………….. 13, 14

Blenheim 1………………………. 9, 20

Blenheim 3………………………….. 11

Blenheim 4………………………. 6, 14

Boddington……………………… 9, 20

Cadet 1………………………………. 15

Cadet 2………………………………. 11

Canton……………………………….. 14

China………………………….. 5, 6, 15

Colombus…………………………… 13

Coramandel……………………….. 13

Coromandel……………………….. 17

Daniel Meara……………………… 11

David Malcolm……………….. 4, 11

David Malcolm,………………….. 13

Eden 1………………………………… 17

Edward & Henry 1……………… 13

Egyptian 1………………………….. 16

Elizabeth & Henry….. 3, 4, 11, 12

Elphinstone,……………………….. 17

Emily……………………….. 10, 11, 21

Emma Euphoria………………….. 10

Emperor Alexander…………. 9, 16

Endora……………………………….. 18

Equestrian………………………….. 17

Equestrian 1……………………….. 20

Guilliardine………………………… 18

Hector………………………………… 11

Hyderabad 2………………………. 16

Hyderabad 3………………………. 25

Jane………………………………… 9, 12

Kinnear………………………………. 17

Lady Kennaway……………. 23, 25

London 2……………………………. 17

Lord Lyndoch 2………………….. 14

Lord Peter……………………… 10, 21

Lord Petrie………………………….. 20

Maida………………………………… 24

Mandarin…………………………… 22

Margaret…………………………….. 10

Maria…………………………………. 13

Maria Soames 1,………………….. 24

Mary………………………………….. 20

Midlothian………………………….. 10

Mt Stuart Elphinstone…………. 24

Navarino…………………….. 3, 4, 11

Navarino……………………………. 13

Neptune…………………………….. 24

Neptune 1………………………….. 17

Nile………………………………. 16, 23

Orator………………………………… 18

Pensonbee Bomongee………….. 23

Pensongee Bomongee…. 5, 14, 15

Phantom…………………………….. 21

Radcliffe 2………………………….. 17

Rajah…………………………………. 12

Reliance………………………….. 4, 11

Rodney 1……………………………. 14

Runnymede………………………… 24

Samuel Boddington…………….. 16

Sir George Seymour…………….. 24

Sir Robert Peel…………………….. 17

Sir S Baker…………………….. 10, 21

Somerset…………………………….. 22

Southwark 2………………….. 22, 23

Sovereign……………………………. 14

Stratheden………………………….. 15

Tamar………………………………… 20

Tasmania……………………………. 11

Tortoise…………………………. 10, 24

Tory……………………………… 18, 23

Waverley……………………………. 15

William Jardine…………………….. 15

ships:………………………………………….. 20

Sikhs……………………………………… 10, 21

Simmons, W.C…………………………….. 18

Simmons, WC……………………………… 22

Sloane, Edward….. 5, 12, 14, 15, 20, 23

Sloane, Mary……………………………….. 13

Sloane, Mary (Mrs Edward)…………. 23

Smith, John……………………………… 9, 16

Smith, Lagger……… 16, See Smith, John

Smith, Mary Ann………………………… 13

Smith, William…………………………….. 14

Sparkes, Elizabeth (Mrs William)….. 11

Sparkes, William………………………….. 11

Stokell, George……………………….. 17, 24

Stonehouse, William……………….. 18, 25

Stubbs, James………………………………. 25

Surges Bay………………………………….. 20

Taranna……………………………………… 25

Tea Tree……………………………………… 17

Templeton, Grace…… See Barnes, Grace

Thompson, ? (child)…………………….. 11

Thompson, Catherine 4, 13, See Dixon, Kitty

Thompson, Eleanor (Mrs Gavin)…… 11

Thompson, Gavin………………………… 11

Till, Mary……………………………………. 12

Tommy the Roundhead See Shaw, Tommy

Toolan, Ellen……………………………….. 13

Toomey, Michael…………………………. 17

Toplis, Thomas……………………………. 15

trackers…………………………… See tramps

tramps……………………………….. 2, 13, 19

Tremalay, James…………………….. 10, 21

tried in

Durham……………………………….. 3

Gloucester…………………………….. 5

Turner, Chas……………………………….. 20

Villen, ? (Mrs George)………………….. 24

Villen, George……………………………… 24

Webster, Annie……………………………. 24

Wheeler, Jeremiah See Wheeler, William

Wheeler, William……………………. 22, 23

Whelan, John………………………………. 14

Whelan, Louisa……………………………. 23

‘Whistling Jack…………… See Betts, John

Whittle, Chas………………………………. 24

Whitton, Mary See Sloane, Mary (Mrs Edward), See Sloane, Mary (Mrs Edward)

Wilkins, Mr ?………………………………. 14

Wilkins, WS………………………………… 23

Wilks, Frank………………………………… 20

Wilson, George……………………………. 17

Wilson, James……………………………… 11

Wilson, John………………………….. 17, 24

Woods, Dandy Jim… See Woods, James

Woods, James………………………….. 9, 20

Wright, Thomas……………………… 15, 24

Wright, William See Wright, Thomas (father)

Young, Robert……………………………… 17

Yule, William…………………………. 22, 23